||Throughout the centuries the historic
site of Carcassonne has played a decisive role in the history of Languedoc.
An Iron Age Oppidum
transformed into a Roman
town in the Ist Century BC, the city-state became the
possession of the powerful Viscount
Trencavel who ruled over Bas-Languedoc. At the end
of the crusade against the Albigensians the city, with its improved
fortifications, became one of the strongholds symbolising royal
power on the frontier between France and Aragon.
|| However, after the Treaty of the Pyrenees
made the Roussillon a French possession, the city lost its strategic
role and its defence works were neglected. In the XIXth Century, the
residents of Carcassonne and the Historic Monuments Department (Service
des Monuments historiques), commissioned Eugène Viollet-le-Duc to
the ancient fortress to its original appearance.