Raimond VII. Engraving. XIXth Century. Mosaïque du Midi, 1841.
THE TRENCAVEL DYNASTY From the Siege of 1240 to the Creation of the Royal Bastide
Saint Louis (Louis IX). Drawing by Fragonard.
XIXth Century. Lithograph by F. Ardit.
ith the support of the local nobility
and the co-operation of the inhabitants of the suburbs of
Saint-Michel and Saint-Vincent, Raimond Trencavel II, deprived
of his paternal inheritance, laid siege to the fortress. On
September 17 1240, the offensive was launched and was heavily
reinforced for 25 days with mines and catapults.
Guillaume des Ormes' active defense with the support of Louis
IX's troops, drove Trenceval back to his trenches on October
12. He was forced to renounce his rights in 1246. A year later
he broke his seal as a sign of submission to Louis IX who
authorised the creation of the bastide on the banks of the
Aude. As stated in the Treaty of Paris in 1229, Alphonse de
Poitiers inherited the county of Toulouse on the death of
Raymond VII. The king's younger brother and his wife died
without an heir in 1271. The county of Toulouse became the
possession of the king who thus definitively joined the South
of France to the Capetian domain.