At the beginning of the XIXth Century the city was a backwater, no more than an obsolete fortress with crumbling walls. The past had not yet come into its own and the city seemed condemned to oblivion. It consisted of an upper town (ville haute) perched on a hill which was difficult to reach, an old town (vieille ville) which contrasted in every way with the modern, bourgeois Lower town (ville basse) which was creeping across the plain on the other side of the river.
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 The Town of the Past
 Romantic Visions
 Jean-Pierre Cros-Mayrevieille
 Eugène Viollet-le-Duc
 Léopold Verguet
 Michel Jordy
 Engravings and Drawings
 The Painter's Eye
 The Miniature City
 The City as Decor
 Medieval Times Rediscovered